Management consulting indicates both the industry of, and the practice of,
helping organizations improve their performance, primarily through the analysis
of existing business problems and development of plans for improvement.
Organizations hire the services of management consultants for a number of
reasons, including gaining external (and presumably objective) advice and access
to the consultants' specialized expertise.
Because of their exposure to and relationships with numerous organizations,
consulting firms are also said to be aware of industry "best practices",
although the transferability of such practices from one organization to another
may be problematic depending on the situation under consideration. Consultancies
may also provide organizational change management assistance, development of
coaching skills, technology implementation, strategy development, or operational
improvement services. Management consultants generally bring their own,
proprietary methodologies or frameworks to guide the identification of problems,
and to serve as the basis for recommendations for more effective or efficient
ways of performing business tasks.